County Transportation Metrics is a project of the Washington State Association of Counties (WSAC) and will provide a roadmap for setting transportation priorities.

Skamania County

Skamania County is located 40 miles east of the Portland metropolitan area, in the Columbia River Gorge.  The county seat is at Stevenson, which is also the county's largest city.

Skamania County is home to several of the state's most famous features including Mount St. Helens in the northwest and Bonneville Dam in the southeast. Almost 90 percent of the county is timberland, mostly within the Gifford Pinchot National Forest. Much of the non-timber land is concentrated in the southern strip along the Columbia River, and falls under the protection of the Columbia Gorge Scenic Area.

Twenty years ago, Skamania County's economy went through a difficult transition. Long dependent upon timber for jobs and income, the county lost both when logging was curtailed on national forests, and Stevenson Co-Ply, the county's largest employer, closed. Immediately after the closure, unemployment topped 22 percent but a year after the closure, the Skamania Lodge, a new destination resort subsidized by federal funds from the Columbia Gorge Scenic Area Act, opened with almost the same number of jobs. Skamania shifted from a timber economy to a tourist economy.

The transition from timber to tourism was accompanied by a shift in occupational structure. In addition, ex-timber workers who commuted to Clark County for retraining discovered that the commute to the Portland area was not all that onerous. While the number of employed residents grew by about 15 percent during the 1990s, the number of those commuting to jobs outside of the county grew by almost 50 percent. Currently, more than half of the county's earned income comes from jobs outside of the county.

Population (OFM Databook, 2011) 

Population (2011) 11,150
Population Change (2000 to 2010)      .6%
Land Area (Sq. Mi.) 1,655.68
Density (Population/Sq. Mi.) 6.73


North Bonneville                                                  965
Stevenson 1,500

Major Highways

  • State Route 14

County Roads (CRAB and OFM, 2011)

Total Center Lane Miles
Maintenance Expenditures
$ 2,133,822
Preservation Expenditures
$ 689,169
Improvement Expenditures

County Revenues  & Expenditures (OFM Databook, 2011)

Total Revenues
$ 21,605,559
Total Expenditures
$ 28,426,681
Transportation Expenditures
$ 5,046,435

Performance Measures

Links & Sources

Washington State Association of Counties
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